Reaching New Heights in Agriculture with Vertical Farming
As the human population continues to grow and evolve, so does farming. One aspect of farming that is gaining popularity is the idea of vertical farming.
Vertical farming is the process of producing food in vertically stacked layers. Vertical farms use techniques similar to greenhouses, indoor farming techniques, and controlled environment agriculture technology. With this technology, vertical farms are able to utilize artificial control of light and control over the humidity, temperature, and gases within the facility.
Bowery Farms, located in Kearney, New Jersey, claims that through a vertical farming system, they are able to grow 100 times more per square foot than average industrial farms. They use indoor LED lights that mimic natural sunlight and waterbeds that easily stack from floor to ceiling. By using this system, Bowery Farms is able to grow more than 80 different types of produce.
Vertical farming increases automation, reduces emissions, and reduces costs. Automated machines move water around the plants using FarmOS software. This software adapts to new data and adjusts the environmental conditions to the warehouse. Trays of produce are stacked to the ceiling allowing Bowery to produce crops year round, increasing overall efficiency.
With the rapidly growing world population, the agriculture industry has to quickly adapt and adopt new methods to meet the demand for more food. One of these new methods is vertical farming and it is likely that we will see it become a common way of growing food in the future.